What is technical woven wire cloth? Definition and overview
Technical woven wire cloth (also called industrial woven wire cloth) is one of the technical textiles (also referred to as industrial textiles). They are primarily used due to their technical and functional properties in industrial sectors; aesthetic and decorative applications play a secondary role.
Technical woven wire cloth results by crossing/connecting warp threads (in the lengthwise direction) and weft threads (in the transverse direction) to form a fabric consisting of at least two "thread systems" crossed at right angles or nearly at right angles. Depending on how this crossing/connecting is carried out, there is technical woven wire cloth in various weaving patterns. The basic weaves are plain weave, twill weave and atlas weave.
Technical woven wire cloth can be manufactured from all weavable metals and synthetic materials, e.g. of rustproof stainless steels, non-ferrous metals such as bronze, copper or brass, and of synthetic materials (plastics) such as polyester, polyamide or PPS and of PEEK, Kynar® (polyvinylidene fluoride, PVDF) or other plastics.
In addition to Metal wire cloth and Synthetic wire cloth, Mixed wire cloth/Hybrid wire cloth made of metal and synthetic are also possible. The materials, the mesh size, the weave types, seams, edge versions and designs of the technical woven wire cloth can be individually matched for the various applications.
SIEBFABRIK is the specialist and leading supplier of technical woven wire cloth/industrial woven wire cloth made of an extremely broad range of metals and synthetics, as well as for cylinder moulds that meet the most demanding performance requirements.
What functions can technical woven wire cloth assume?
As flexible materials with certain material properties, technical woven wire cloth fulfils exactly defined, specific functions, such as
- Dewatering, filtering
- Drying, heating, cooling
- Designing, decorating, protecting
In the process, it withstands high mechanical, thermal and chemical loads. With properties such as temperature resistance, strength, flexibility, fineness, EMC shielding and resistance to chemicals, it offers a long service life.
What applications and industries is technical woven wire cloth used in?
Technical woven wire cloth is used in many industries and branches of industry as functional solutions for a broad range of special requirements:
- Food processing industry
- Paper and cardboard industry
- Fibre cement industry
- Security and banknote paper
- Wood processing industry
- Chemical industry
- Textile industry
- Architecture, buildings
- Other industrial areas
What weave types exist for technical woven wire cloth?
In weaving industry a distinction is made between the possible crossings of the warp thread (warp) and weft thread (weft) in woven wire cloth. This system is referred to as weave theory. For technical woven wire cloth, there are weave types such as:
- Plain weave
- Twill weave: 3-shaft weave, 4-shaft weave, herringbone twill weave, 5-shaft twill weave (also known as atlas weave)
- Plain Dutch weave
- Reverse plain Dutch weave
- Reverse twill Dutch weave
- Plain weave with profiled wires
- Multi-warp twisted wire cloth in plain weave
- Multi-warp twisted wire cloth in 3-shaft twill weave
What seams exist for technical woven wire cloth?
To interconnect technical woven wire cloth in a permanent, process-reliable manner so that it can also withstand heavy loads in the application and produce the desired woven wire cloth pattern, the woven wire cloth is joined with various seams.
Non-marking metal seams are:
- Gold solder seam, straight or diagonal
- Gold solder seam on twisted woven wire cloth
- Prepared gold solder seam
- Fourdrinier wire cloth seam in bronze or metal
- Plasma seam
Marking metal seams are:
- Welded eyelet pin-seam (plain weave, warp twisted, detachable)
- Welded eyelet pin-seam (4-warp, warp twisted, detachable)
- Loop pin-seam (straight, detachable)
- Crownloop pin-seam (detachable)
- Anchor seam (detachable)
- Woven seam
- Non-marking woven seam
- Double interlocked woven seam
- Triple interlocked woven seam
- Seam for mixed wire cloth
- Backwoven spiral seam
- Backwoven pin seam (double interlocked)
- Anchor seam (hook pin seam)
What edge versions exist for technical woven wire cloth?
Various edge solutions are possible to secure woven wire cloth made of synthetic or metal against fraying:
- Synthetic edges in various versions
- Stroke back edges (metal)
- Welded bead edges